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Political structure system

The formation of statehood

21st October 1989 – adopted the law on the state language of Republic of Uzbekistan – uzbek language;

24th March 1990 –  introduced the post of  President of the Uzbek SSR;

31st August 1991 – Republic of Uzbekistan declared as an independent state

1st September 1991 – Independence day of Republic of Uzbekistan

18th November 1991 – state flag of Republic of Uzbekistan is adopted

29th December 1991 – the first president of Republic of Uzbekistan publicly elected

4th January 1992 The Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan ratified the Belovejsk Agreement on the termination of the existence of the USSR and on the creation of the CIS, as well as the Almaty Protocol to it;

2nd March 1992 – The Republic of Uzbekistan became part of the UN, becoming its full member.

2nd July 1992 – state symbol of Republic of Uzbekistan adopted;

8th December 1992 – Constitution of Republic of Uzbekistan adopted;

10th December 1992 – the national anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan approved;

From November 15, 1993, in order to protect the domestic market from excessive ruble masses, temporary sum-coupon banknotes of the 1992 sample were introduced in the Republic of Uzbekistan

1st July 1994 – national currency introduced – sum.

According to the constitution, Uzbekistan is a legal democratic state. The head of state is the president. The highest state representative body is the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which exercises legislative power. The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan consists of two chambers – the Legislative Chamber (the lower chamber) and the Senate (the upper chamber) (Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Ch. 18, Art. 76). Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the executive body of the Republic of Uzbekistan, providing guidance for the effective functioning of the economy, social and spiritual sphere, the implementation of laws, other decisions of the Oliy Majlis, decrees and orders of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Political parties and movements

1991 – People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan – successor to the Comparty of Uzbekistan

1995 – “Adolat” social democratic party

1995 – “Vatan taraqqiyoti” party (merged with the party “Fidokorlar” in one party called “Fidokorlar”)

1995 – “Milliy tiklanish” democratic party

2000 – “Fidokorlar” national democratic party (in the beginning of 2008 year political parties “Milliy tiklanish” and “Fidokorlar” announced the merger into one party called “Milly Tiklanish”)

2003 – Movement of entrepreneurs and business people – Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (UzLiDeP)

2008 – Public Association “Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan”.

The Oliy Majlis of the first convocation (1995-1999) consisted of 69 representatives from the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, 47 from the Social Democratic Party “Adolat”, 14 from the “Vatan Tarakkiyoti” Party and 7 from the “Milliy Tiklanish” Party, the rest deputies were nominated from representative bodies.

The first elections to the legislative chamber of the bicameral parliament were held on 26 December in 2004, following their results deputies from the LDPU, People’s Democratic Party, Fidokorlar, Adolat, Milliy Tiklanish took place in the lower chamber.

On December 21, 2014, regular elections were held in the legislative chamber of the parliament, according to the results of which 52 deputies from the Liberal Democratic Party, 36 deputies from the Milly Tiklanish party, 27 deputies from the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, 20 deputies from the Social Democratic Party were registered. “Adolat” and 15 more deputies received their mandates from the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan according to the “Law on Elections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.

Mahalla – is a system of national self-government. According to the decree of president of Republic of Uzbekistan from 1998, mahalla committees and mahalla councils began to revive, the function of which is connected with the control of social protection and social security of the poorest segments of the population in a single microdistrict. The mahalla committee helps the residents of the makhalla with the organization of holidays, weddings, funerals and, if necessary, provides assistance to the poor or lonely old people.