On April 18, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting to discuss projects implemented in the water sector and pharmaceuticals, as well as tasks for the future, the press service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan reports.
At the beginning, 4 main problems in the field of water management were analyzed – water losses in canals, high energy consumption of pumping stations, limited water reserves and insufficient implementation of water-saving technologies.
In particular, due to the low efficiency of canals and large losses of water in internal networks, agriculture receives less than 4 billion 800 million dollars a year.
In this regard, it is planned, as an experiment, to introduce a pipeline irrigation system in the Pakhtakor district of the Jizzakh region.
The head of our state, having listened to the proposals of the initiator of this project, supported the initiative and stressed the need for similar work in Kashkadarya, Namangan, Syrdarya regions, where the cost of water supply is the highest.
It was instructed to take measures to reduce costs within the framework of the project, using a scientific approach, to develop a two-year program for the introduction of a pipeline irrigation system.
Water is delivered to remote fields by means of pumping stations. Most of them are outdated and consume a lot of energy. Not a single large pumping station has yet been converted to alternative energy sources. Many entrepreneurs are interested in this, but their promising projects are not being implemented, as there are no clear conditions. As a result, a lot of money from the budget is spent on powering the pumps.
In this regard, instructions were given on the transfer of pumping stations to entrepreneurs on a private partnership basis and the introduction of alternative energy sources. Scientists from the Tashkent Irrigation Institute will be involved in this, effective projects will receive loans on favorable terms.
In conditions of water shortage in our region, every year 1 billion cubic meters of mudflows flow away in vain.
The President pointed to the possibility of accumulation of mudflows in small reservoirs, the need to support initiatives in this direction.
$100 million will be raised for relevant projects. Land put into circulation as a result of irrigation with accumulated water will be provided to entrepreneurs who have created reservoirs for free use for a long time.
Currently, 450 thousand hectares or 15 percent of irrigated areas have been leveled by laser technologies. If such land is doubled, another 900 million cubic meters of water will be saved, and water supply will be improved on an additional 200,000 hectares.
In this regard, it was determined that a thousand laser levels will be delivered this year, the clusters will establish laser leveling services for farmers.
In recent years, drip and sprinkler irrigation technologies have been introduced on 400,000 hectares. This year, work has begun on another 80,000 hectares.
In order to further stimulate the introduction of these technologies, in accordance with the resolution signed on April 1 this year, the amount of subsidies for each hectare of grain and vegetable fields where a water-saving system has been introduced has been increased from 1 million soums to 8 million soums. The bank loan rate for farmers was set at 17 percent.
The importance of bringing these opportunities to farmers and providing them with financial support was noted. The task was set to create a separate center for the formation of new water-saving projects at Agrobank and to attract qualified specialists from abroad.
The meeting also considered projects in the pharmaceutical industry.
Over the past six years, 177 projects worth $527 million have been launched in this area. Foreign investments have increased by 9 times, and 35 enterprises have implemented the international GMP standard. As a result, production increased 3 times, exports – 5 times.
However, due to many problems related to finding a market, quality and competition, the volume of production decreased slightly last year, while imports increased.
In this regard, the meeting discussed the development of additional projects in the field of pharmaceuticals and enterprise support.
It was noted that it is planned to implement 207 projects totaling $725 million, 68 of them are scheduled to be launched this year.
The head of state stressed the need to ease the credit burden on entrepreneurs. The entry of “Asakabank” into the projects as an investor with a participation share of up to 25 percent was determined. Long-term credit resources in the amount of $300 million will be attracted to finance localization projects and provide working capital. A center for pharmaceutical projects will open at the bank, which will help entrepreneurs.
They noted the possibility of mastering the production of 400 types of new products and replacing imports for $670 million by supporting enterprises that do not operate at full capacity. For this, revolving loans up to $1 million for a period of 18 months will be provided to enterprises, and loans up to $2 million secured by revenue insurance will be provided to exporters.
The possibility of production in our country of medicines and substances necessary in oncology and oncohematology based on foreign technology is considered. The task was set to expand the number of enterprises that meet the requirements of the GMP standard.
It was instructed to speed up the implementation of projects on the territory of the Tashkent pharmaceutical cluster.